What is Pediatric Dermatology?
Pediatric dermatology is a branch of medicines where children with skin diseases are treated, and proper care is given to them. When children have skin conditions like eczema, birthmarks, warts, or psoriasis, pediatric dermatologists offer apt treatment. They have the experience and qualification to treat the same using some of the latest techniques. Nowadays procedures such as laser therapy and cutaneous surgery can treat skin disorders very effectively.
- Diagnosis of various skin conditions, including hemangiomas and other vascular birthmarks, pigmented birthmarks, and congenital skin disorders, eczema or atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, vitiligo, hives, and warts to name a few.
- Medical treatment for a wide variety of conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails.
- Minor surgical procedures, including skin biopsies, surgical removal of skin lesions (cysts, warts, etc.), and laser treatment of vascular birthmarks, etc.
Infants have thin skin and muscles which are delicate compared to adult skin that causes water loss (TEWL). Infections and some other causes also produce skin disorders. Bacterial infections like cellulitis, erysipelas, fungal infections like candida, jock itch and viral infections like chickenpox require treatment via a pediatric dermatologist.
As we now know skin infection or disorder has a lot of different causes, and hence symptoms of most of these are the same. Common symptoms include redness of the skin or sometimes a burning sensation. Some may even experience itching, pain, and dryness in that particular area. Immediate action should be taken, and the affected individual should get it treated in the early stage of the disease; otherwise critical complications may take place. Some skin disorders like scabies are difficult to spot, because these may take 4 to 6 weeks to develop the symptoms, after coming in contact with an infected person.
A lot of modern technologies are available such as laser surgery, etc. to cure a variety of skin conditions. But some chronic conditions aren’t curable via lasers; they are managed by taking medications and changing the lifestyle. Skin cancer may occur due to excessive tattoos on the skin. For these people, laser tattoo removal treatment is followed. The intensity of light must be chosen. Q-switched lasers are the best that remove tattoos without any scars.
Duration for skin treatment varies widely. Some take weeks to cure while others take a few days or so, depending on the type of skin disease. The early you identify, the better is it to heal. Hence, there is extensive scope for treatments for skin disorders through a pediatric dermatologist.