Just when you think you are enjoying few days of a calmer skin, right then! A pimple shows up. You start looking out for some of the dermatologists or skin specialists who can help you with the acne or the pimple.
Frankly speaking, acne can be quite frustrating no matter at what age it is happening. Having acne can knock confidence and self-esteem and can substantially impact a patient’s quality of life. But the good news is that this can be treated by an expert dermatologist or a good cosmetologist.
With the combination of a proper skincare routine and the right medication and treatment, a good skin specialist can help you control the acne, avoid scarring or other damage, and make scars less noticeable.
Acne can be of various types and the causes are different for each of them. Evidently, each of these type needs to be treated differently with different medications. Some of the types, its causes and the treatments associated with are explained in detail below:
- Acne Conglobata: Acne Conglobata is a highly inflammatory and a severe form of acne with comedones, abscesses and predominantly nodulocystic acne. In this type, the abscesses are formed on the back which can lead to scarring. This condition generally begins at the age of 18 and can remain till 30. This usually persists till the patient is around 40 years. No systemic symptoms are present.
- Adult Acne: Adult acne, also known as post-adolescent acne, occurs above 25 years of age. This kind of acne is present mainly on the mandibular area. This is the area around the lower jaw or jawbone. This type of acne is often associated with excess oil production, when these pores get clogged by skin cells, bacteria, and inflammation. Other factors that contribute are stress, hormonal imbalance, the menstrual cycle, and diet all of which can influence oil production. Some patients have additional evidence like hyper adrogenismand, have irregular menstrual cycles or other signs like hirsutism adrogenetic alopecia, deepening of voice etc.
- Acne in paediatric group: Neonatal acne or pustulosis is a type of acne that develops in the age group of 1 to 7 years. In this type of acne, pustules are present on erythematous base. The lesions generally resolve spontaneously over weeks to months. On the other hand, infantile acne appears at 6 weeks of age and can last longer. This gets healed later with pitted scarring.
- Drug induced acne: The drug induced acne eruption is caused by the adverse effect of few drugs such as corticosteroids, thyroid hormones, lithium, vitamin B12 and some antibiotics, among others. They are present as monomorphic papules or pustules distributed diffusely over trunk rather than the face.
- Occupational acne: Occupational acne is associated with inflammation of the glands that produce oil for the skin. When certain chemicals block the pores of the skin, the oil gets accumulated, and a skin protein called keratin is produced because of which inflammation occurs. The various types of occupational acne are taracne, chloracne, and pomade acne. This type of acne features comedones, papules and pustules in distribution.
- Acne aestivalis: Acne aestevalis is a special kind of light eruption induced by ultraviolet A radiation. This condition is seasonal, people get affected during spring and goes away by autumn. This condition is characterized by folliculocentric pustules and papules distributed on sun exposed areas.
Above listed are some of the common types of acne and the various complications, symptoms, and treatments associated with each of these. However, it is advised to get in touch with the best skin specialist in Mumbai or the best dermatologist in Mumbai before proceeding with any treatment.